Kidney Stones

A kidney stone forms when there are high levels of phosphorous, calcium, and oxalate in the urine. The kidney stone, itself, is made of a solid piece of one of these substances and can stay in the kidney or travel down to the urinary tract. For certain people, kidney stones may form from certain foods.

What Causes Kidney Stones?Kidney Stone X-ray

4 – Types of Kidney Stones

1  Calcium Stone

The most common type contains calcium. If the bones and muscles don’t use calcium, then it goes to the kidney. Kidneys are supposed to flush out the extra calcium with the urine, but in some cases, things can go wrong, and kidney stones can develop from the calcium build up.

2  Uric Acid Stone

This type of stone forms when there is too much acid in the stomach. Sometimes extra acid can form if you eat a lot of meat, fish, and shellfish.

3  Struvite Stone

This type of stone can form after a kidney infection.

4  Cystine Stone

These stones form genetically, from parents passing the disorder down to their children, and the disease causes cystine to leak from the kidneys into the urine.

What Do Kidney Stones Look Like?

Kidney stones can be a variety of sizes and textures. They can be small, smooth, jagged and yellow colored, or as large as a golf ball size.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones  Kidney Stones

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?

Pretty commonly, after your doctor has discussed your medical history, a urine test, blood test, or imaging test will be performed to help diagnose if you have a kidney stone. Urine tests can show whether you have substances in your urine that could form a stone, or whether you have an infection.

Blood tests can show certain problems you may have that could lead to a kidney stone. And imaging tests help to find the location your kidney stone.

How To Treat Kidney Stones

Treatment typically has to do with how large the kidney stone is and a regular doctor or urologist can help manage them. For small kidney stones, usually, pain medication is all that is used to help treat them. For large stones that have caused excessive vomiting, it may be necessary for you to be hospitalized to get fluids back in your system. A urologist can use the following treatments to either break up your kidney stone or flush it out: shock wave therapy and ureteroscopy.

Shock Wave Therapy is where the urologists use a shock wave machine to send waves into the body to help break up the stone so you can pass it through your urine.

Ureteroscopy is when a urologist used a long, narrow tube-like tool (ureteroscope), with a camera on the end, to help find and removed the stone, or break it into several tiny pieces with laser energy.


A top-notch, experienced Urologist will have all the tools and training needed to get to the root of your problem and significantly improve your symptoms.

There are hundreds of Urologists to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. Urology takes the skill and finesse of an experienced Surgeon. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Urologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.

For your peace of mind, Top10MD Urologists’ credentials are validated yearly to verify medical licenses have no serious patient care sanctions, current Board Certifications in their given medical specialty, current DEA & DPS licenses, and malpractice insurance. A Top10MD has at least 5+ years experience or has performed 300+ procedures in their given specialty and a current Patient Satisfaction Score of 8.5 or higher.

Take Control of Your Health & Schedule a Consultation Today!

Find Your Kidney Stones Specialist
DallasFort Worth