Trigeminal Neuralgia

There are nerves all over the body, but there are some main ones that can cause physical conditions like Trigeminal Neuralgia. The trigeminal nerve is the primary nerve of the face. The main part of the nerve rest above the ear. It then branches out into eyes, cheek, and jaw. Neuralgia is the feeling of pain along the nerves. If the trigeminal nerve is damaged, the whole face will suffer. The pain is not mild. The pain is severe and can be triggered by minor things. Trigeminal neuralgia is not something that causes searing pain all the time. It is like random attacks of pain. When you have an attack, the pain is so terrible; you can hardly stand it. There are many different forms of treatment for you. It is just up to you to figure out which method works best.

The nerves are all over the body. Without nerves, you would not be able to feel or move. They are crucial for the proper operation of the body. There are specific nerves that control certain parts of the body. Smaller nerves branch out from the main nerve. If the main nerve is affected, the nerves that branch out from it will also be affected. The trigeminal nerve supplies the whole face. Every touch, scratch, or slap, you feel it because of the trigeminal nerve. Knowing the symptoms of trigeminal nerve pain can help you figure out if that’s the source of your facial pain.

Trigeminal Neuralgia md top10mdSymptoms

Trigeminal neuralgia brings about pain sensations that are unlike any other. The pain is very sharp, and it may last for a few seconds or a few minutes. It can feel like an electric shock through your face. Like lightening, the shock may only go in one direction or spread. Pain comes on spontaneously, but minor touches to the face can trigger it. Brushing your teeth, eating, and even touching your face can bring on extreme pain. The pain is typically only on one side of the face. It rarely affects both sides at the same time. The trigeminal nerve reaches the jaw, cheekbone, and occipital region so the pain you feel will be in those areas. Pain in other areas like the back of the head or neck is probably not related to the trigeminal nerve. When nothing is done about the pain, it will only get worse. The attacks intensify and become more frequent.

Any disruption of the chemical response to the trigeminal nerve causes trigeminal neuralgia. There are many different reasons for this disruption. Age is one. As you age, the nerves do not operate or respond properly and can create a lot of pain. Neurological diseases may also be a source of pain. Multiple sclerosis is very common. Multiple sclerosis is the destruction of the myelin sheath around the nerves. When the myelin sheath is destroyed, signals are disrupted, and pain occurs. The most common cause of trigeminal neuralgia is pressure put on the nerve by a nearby blood vessel. The least common cause is a tumor. Tumors in that area are rare, but they can rest on the nerve disrupting functions.

The pain of trigeminal neuralgia is unpredictable. The smallest things trigger the pain. You have to eat and brush your teeth. Those are just basic daily activities. The problem with that is, it may bring on a painful attack. Touching your face is another trigger. You have to wash your face and men have to shave. It is impossible not to touch your face at all. You may be happy about certain people not being able to talk, but silence from pain is not a happy thing. The movement of your jaw just to say something can make you not want to talk at all. As you see, the triggers of trigeminal neuralgia are impossible to avoid. Anyone with this condition is typically always in pain. Try as you might, you will always do something to trigger the pain.


A doctor can diagnose trigeminal neuralgia through a neurological examination. They may also use diagnostic images. The first step of treatment is medication. The primary type of medication is anticonvulsants. These medications are typically used for seizures. It is shown to be very effective in trigeminal neuralgia treatment. Injections are also helpful. Botox and muscle relaxers work wonders for treatment. When things are severe, you may need surgery to relieve the pressure on the nerve. There are many methods of surgery available. The doctor can choose to inject the nerve, burn it, or use radiation threrapy. Each method of surgery focuses on deadening the specific nerve fiber which is causing the pain.

Trigeminal neuralgia is not a condition that most of us are familiar with, but it is one that we should be aware of. It is very painful, and we could be having symptoms and not even know it. If you are suffering from persistent facial pain, you should talk with a doctor. If the pain feels stabbing and attacks at random moments, it could be trigeminal neuralgia. Do not continue with the pain and discomfort of this condition. Kill the pain and ease your nerve.


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