Angioplasty is a procedure used to unblock arteries, primarily the coronary artery. The arteries are crucial in the flow of blood through the body. If the arteries are blocked, blood is restricted. Diet is one of the primary culpri ts of blocked arteries. If you do not change your diet right away, you may end up with life-threatening issues. There are different procedures for clearing blocked arteries. Some procedures are more invasive than others. Angioplasty is one minimally invasive procedure. It does not even require you to be put to sleep. Having an angioplasty can save you the trouble of having not only heart surgery but kidney surgery and kidney failure.
The food you eat has the potential of blocking your arteries. When you eat foods high in fat like cheeseburgers, fried foods, and desserts you increase the fat intake in your body. The fat and cholesterol in the foods you eat build up in the arteries and leaves plaque. It is similar to plaque build up on the teeth. The food leaves a residue that ends up getting stuck in the arteries. When you do not change your diet, the plaque continues to build until the artery becomes blocked. At this point, most people think they are only at risk for heart attack and stroke, but they may be at risk for much more than that. You can put yourself at risk for kidney disease. When multiple arteries are clogged the higher the risks are. If you get a diagnosis early, you can change your diet and reverse the buildup of plaque. When you continue with the same habits, things will only worsen. You do not want to end up in a hospital before you decide to do something.
Angioplasty is not done until a diagnosis is confirmed. An angiogram is one of the best methods for diagnosis. An angiogram requires the use of a catheter. The catheter is put into the vein or artery of either the thigh or the arm. Once the catheter is in the right place, contrast dye is inserted, and an X-ray machine takes pictures of the blood vessels. Through an angiogram, the doctor can see which arteries are blocked as well as the severity of the blockage. If the blockage is too bad, you may need immediate surgery. In mild cases, angioplasty is best.
To begin the procedure, you are given medication to relax you. The next step is to numb the site where the catheter will be inserted. There is no need for general anesthesia. Local anesthesia is enough.Right before angioplasty, an angiogram is performed. They are done on the same day if the doctor feels it is necessary. The first step of angioplasty is cardiac catheterization. A sheath is placed into the artery. A sheath is a plastic tube that helps guide a catheter. Once the sheath is in place, a catheter is placed inside the sheath. The catheter is guided through the sheath until it reaches the right blood vessels. Contrast dye is injected through the catheter and X-rays are taken. Once the doctor sees the artery that needs to be unblocked, they will move the catheter into place. There are different types of procedures done with angioplasty. The doctor will choose the procedure best for you.
- Cutting Balloon
- Balloon angioplasty
Balloon angioplasty and stents are two of the most common angioplasty procedures. Balloon angioplasty requires the use of a balloon catheter. The catheter is guided to the location where the artery is blocked. The balloon is inflated, and the plaque is pushed against the artery wall, and the artery is stretched. The stent is a slightly different method. A stent is a mesh tube. It is very small and made of metal. The stent is put in place along with the assistance of the balloon catheter. When the balloon catheter is inflated, the stent is put in place to hold the artery open. Once the stent is in the right place, the balloon is deflated, and the catheter is removed. The other methods remove the plaque in different ways. Some use a rotational device, and another cuts away the plaque.
Once the procedure is over, you will have to stay for a little while to recover. You will lay in the bed for a few hours. The doctor wants to monitor you and makes sure you are not having excessive bleeding. You cannot eat anything. You have to drink liquids until the sheath is removed. After a while, the doctor will clear you to eat. Sometimes you have to stay overnight. If there is any swelling or pain in the legs, you should let a doctor know immediately. Now that the procedure is over, you have to change your lifestyle. You cannot continue to eat the way you did. You have to change your eating habits, so you do not end up in the same position again.
Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can treat mild artery blockage. Undergoing an angioplasty can prevent serious and life-threatening health conditions. If you have been diagnosed with blocked arteries, you should talk with your physician about angioplasty. This procedure can kickstart a healthier life.
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