It’s time once again for your annual gynecologist visit. Does the thought give you anxiety? Let’s face it; there’s nothing fun about the paper gowns, stirrups, speculum, breast exam or having someone look at your lady parts under bright fluorescent lights.
But the fact is, seeing your gynecologist regularly is a necessary evil. When things go wrong down there, you may have no idea until it’s too late.That’s why, despite your anxieties, you should have a gynecology exam at least once-a-year unless your gynecologist advises you otherwise.
What is Gynecology?
Gynecology is all about the female reproductive system. A gynecologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the well-women care and can diagnose and treat diseases and disorders that affect your reproductive system.
Their expertise runs the gamut of gynecology; they can perform procedures like a hysterectomy, as well as, provide routine care, such as a pap smear or pelvic exam.
Many gynecologists also practice obstetrics; a doctor specialized in gynecology and obstetrics is commonly referred to as an OB/GYN. Obstetrics focuses on the management of pregnancy and childbirth.
Reasons to See a Gynecologist
Aside from your routine pap smear and pelvic exams, several reasons might prompt a visit to your gynecologist. Here are some common reasons:
- Changes in your period
- Contraception and sterilization
- Irregular bleeding
- Management of menopause
- Missed periods
- Pain during intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Vaginal discharge
- Vaginal discomfort
A gynecologist can treat a laundry list of conditions, such as ovarian cysts, endometriosis, vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease and sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea.
They may also specialize in gynecologic oncology which treats ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer and other cancers of your reproductive organs. When it comes to gynecology health, finding a doctor you can trust with the experience and know-how to treat any gynecological condition is key. That’s why we recommend choosing a Top10MD gynecologist.
FIND A Top10MD GYNECOLOGIST NEAR YOU
There are thousands of Gynecologists to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. Gynecology takes the knowledge and finesse of an experienced Gynecologist. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Gynecologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
For your peace of mind, Top10MD Gynecologists’ credentials are validated yearly to verify medical licenses have no serious patient care sanctions, current Board Certifications in their given medical specialty, current DEA & DPS licenses, and malpractice insurance. A Top10MD has at least 5+ years experience or has performed 300+ procedures in their given specialty and a current Patient Satisfaction Score of 8.5 or higher.
Take Control of Your Health & Schedule a Consultation Today!
You are probably familiar with the pap smear procedure, but many women may not know it is a screening for cervical cancer. Regular Pap smears help prevent the most common types of cervical cancer by detecting early cellular changes, also knowns as dysplasia or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). If your pap comes back irregular, your gynecologist will likely issue a subsequent test called an HPV test.
Approximately 85% of the population has or has had HPV, also known as the Human Papillomavirus. There are 100’s of strains of HPV, but what the HPV test is checking for is those high-risk strains which cause dysplasia and cervical cancer.
Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous situation and is often easily treated in-office. It becomes a problem when it goes untreated. Untreated dysplasia can lead to cervical cancer.
If your pap comes back with LGSIL (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions) or HGSIL (high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions), the next step would be to perform a colposcopy which is a visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a magnifying device known as a colposcope. If abnormal cells are found your gynecologist will take a small sample of tissue or LEEP cone biopsy to carve out abnormal cells and send to pathology. A colposcopy and cervical biopsy can be done in-office, within 15 minutes.
There are 3 Types of Dysplasia:
- CIN I – mild dysplasia
- CIN II – moderate to marked dysplasia
- CIN III – severe dysplasia to carcinoma in situ
Mild dysplasia typically requires no treatment, but follow-up visits are strongly recommended to make sure it doesn’t develop into a more severe case of dysplasia. A LEEP cone biopsy is required for moderate, severe cases of dysplasia. It isn’t fun, but for the most part, the Pap test, HPV test, colposcopy and LEEP cone biopsy are pretty painless. And 100% necessary for your health and wellness.