Do your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth? Do you suffer from persistent bad breath?
Bleeding gums and chronic halitosis are both symptoms of periodontal disease. Many people suffer from periodontitis without even knowing it. In fact, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one in every two Americans adults aged 30 and over has some form of periodontal disease
So what is periodontal disease? What are the symptoms? And how can you prevent and treat this common gum disease?
Let’s start with the basics.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a gum infection that affects your teeth and the bone surrounding your teeth. It is usually caused by gingivitis. It starts as an accumulation of plaque on the surface of your teeth which eventually hardens into tartar or calculus.
Over time plaque continues to spread below the gum line. The plaque releases toxins that irritate your gums and combined with your body’s reaction to them eventually destroy the bone surrounding your teeth causing your gums to recede and when too much bone is lost your teeth get loose.
Periodontitis is the leading cause of adult tooth loss in the United States.
Periodontal Disease Symptoms
- chronic bad breath
- bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- loose teeth
- receding gums or gums pulling away from the teeth
- painful chewing
- inflamed, tender and swelling of the gums
Prevention | Treatment of Periodontal Disease
- Have your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year
- Brush twice daily to control bacteria
- Floss daily to control bacteria
- Don’t smoke
How To Treat Severe Periodontal Disease
- Deep cleaning below the gum line
- Medication therapy
- Flap surgery
- Bone and tissue grafts
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